The community controls, manages and utilizes forest (natural) resources to fulfill their needs for a long time and has been passed down from generation to generation until now. In Indonesia, mastery of forest resources (SDH) is evidenced by the existence of various concepts and practices of managing forest resources by the community such as: repong (West Lampung), huma or talun (Java), leuweung (West Java), pangale (Central Sulawesi), simpukqn (East Kalimantan), tembawang (West Kalimantan), plot danum (Central Kalimantan), empus (Aceh), and so on according to local culture. K.P.SHK (Consortium for Supporting Community Forest Systems) mentions that the various concepts and practices of managing SDH are referred to by the general term “Community Forest System or SHK” (Rahmina, 2012; Djauhari et al, 2021).
Natural Resources or Forest Resources in its management K.P.SHK (1997) has principles known as the 9 Principles of SHK (Community Forest System) including that the main managing actors are the people (local/customary communities) collectively; Management institutions are established, implemented and controlled directly by the people where natural resources and forests are located; The scale of production of forest resources is only limited by the principles of sustainability and sustainability; and biodiversity is the basis for cultivation patterns and resource utilization, economic systems and so on (kpshk.org).
This is in accordance with Social Forestry (PS) which aims to increase the proportion of community management rights to forests up to 10% or the equivalent of 12.7 million ha. (Social Forestry for People’s Welfare, Bambang Supriyanto, Director General of Social Forestry and Environmental Partnerships, 2020).
PS including Village Forest (HD) is a legal program that enables village communities to participate in managing forests and obtaining economic benefits. Processing and taking benefits from forests in environmentally friendly ways through increasing agroforestry and post-harvest productivity as well as increasing added value through village-based industries (Regulation of the Minister of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration of the Republic of Indonesia Number 7 of 2020 concerning the Second Amendment to Regulations Minister of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration Number 11 of 2019 concerning Priority for Use of Village Funds for 2020: Utilization of Village Funds for Social Forestry).
K.P.SHK since its establishment in 1997 is an organization concerned with issues of natural resources, especially forests in Indonesia. K.P.SHK is positioned as a movement motor that systematically supports forest management methods that have been developed for generations by indigenous peoples and local communities in and around the forest.
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